Caution y’all; spoilers.
Why did I cry so much about the damn dam in Frozen 2, the dam that the Arendellians called a gift to the Northuldrans but was really just exploitation?
Like many southerners, I reportedly had a “cherokee great-grandmother.” I like to hope it might be true, but the fact is that even if I do, she was probably Creek, not Cherokee, since my people lived mainly in Georgia and Alabama.
It is however a verified fact that without a certain native woman, I would not exist. My great grandmother was living in a tent encampment, recovering from influenza, when she went into premature labor. There was no doctor or hospital, but there was a native woman who was a healer, a midwife, and knew to warm a glass lamp globe to the right temperature over the fire, to serve as an incubator. I picture my tiny, helpless grandmother drawing breath in her womb of glass in the firelight, as the native healer tended my great-grandmother. My aunt still has the doll-like baby dress they made for her.
So I owe my existence to a native woman, as do Elsa and Anna. Their mother was the Northuldran who nursed their father back to health after he was wounded in the war. So that is one thing that made me cry.
But the damn dam made me cry even more.
As a child I worked at my father’s bait shop at West Point Lake. We made our living from old men buying worms, and from rich Atlantans who would buy any expensive fishing stuff you told them they needed. The livelihood of my brothers still depends on the lake. One brother is the best guide fisherman on West Point Lake. The other spends more time at the shop, repairing reels and creating beautiful custom rods when business is slow enough.
West Point lake is a man-made lake. Nature did not ask it to exist.
It exists because of a dam built in 1962.
It didn’t occur to me until my 40s to ask what was there before the lake was there.
I guess I always knew that there were people living there before the Europeans got there. We found arrowheads a lot as kids. I never thought much of it. Cool treasures to find, like quartz crystals or old birdnests.
“Yeah, some arrowheads, left from prehistoric times or something, not connected to the time I lived in.” I thought.
In my 40s I began to research the history of my hometown.
I went to Troup County high school. Who was this Mr. Troup?
George Troup was a governor of Georgia. “A Fine Upstanding Citizen,” as Georgia History Class taught me. But then I found out the rest of the story. He was a staunch supporter of Indian Removal, Manifest Destiny, and slave ownership.
He was the first cousin of William McIntosh.
Who was William McIntosh? When I was a teenager, “McIntosh” was just our biggest rival in football, the one with so much more money than us, always winning competitions with their superior equipment.
McIntosh was the Muscogee chief who sold out his people.
In 1825 Troup and McIntosh signed the second Treaty of Indian Springs. This treaty sold off the Muscogee ancestral lands. $200,000 went to the tribe and $200,000 went to McIntosh.
Muscogee lands before 1825.
According to the treaty, the Muscogee were not required to move. But Troup ignored the treaty and ordered the eviction of the Muscogee from their remaining lands in Georgia without compensation, mobilizing state militia to force them out.
But the forcible removal had begun long before 1825. In my research I found this horrifying old newspaper article about the 1793 raid of the village of Okfuskenena, later known as Burnt Village. “Burnt Village was the great central point of the Muscogee nation, the crossing place… where the untamed savages met… The place where the scalp, with its crimsoned tresses of many a maid and matron, and the flaxen locks of the little blue eyed boy, have been the cause of deep savage exultation..” It goes on to explain in great adventure-movie detail, how Major Adams “heroically” took Okfuskenena by night and slaughtered the “soulless savages” in their sleep.
Okfuskenena, the crossing point where the great Wehadkee creek met the Chattahoochee. The exact future location of … you guessed it…
West Point Lake.
Okfuskenena was excavated in the 1960s, then was completely flooded when West Point Dam was built and West Point Lake was formed.
When I learned these things about my hometown, I felt the ground slipping out from under me. I never knew that my sleepy little hometown was the site of this vortex of betrayal and bloody violence. It was all covered up. Nothing left but fancy statues of these guys, and buildings named after them. And these atrocities had happened not that long ago, only a generation or two before my grandmother. What was the story of the Native woman who saved my grandmother? Was she in the tent town after having been evicted from her village? Had her family been killed during the process? I will never know.
Elsa’s magic gave her access to more hidden details than I can possibly have. Like Elsa, I feel driven to know the truth. Elsa chose to follow the memory-ghost of her grandfather wielding his sword, knowing that she would not like what she saw. I started bawling when she encountered that black pit. She knew she could choose to ignore the pain of jumping in that pit; she could just turn away, and pretend her people had always been the good guys. Yet, like me, she had to know, so she jumped into that black pit.
That black pit is depression. It is mythic shorthand for depression.
The black pit it what it felt like when I learned the true history of the land I grew up on. To learn that the people I was taught were “great men in Georgia history” were cheaters, liars, murderers, and greedy thieves. That the very livelihood of my family existed because of that dam, the dam that walled away the truth of what really had happened.
Elsa had bought the lie that Arendelle’s wealth and comfort had been ethically earned, and the black-and-white lie that the Northhuldrans were cruel enemies, and the Arendellians were the totally good guys who made peace. I too had bought the lie that the prominent men of my hometown had been the good guys.
The Muscogee, like the Northuldrans, were just humans who had lived on the same land for generations, trying to defend their homeland from violent, rich, powerful invaders.
Unlike the Northuldrans, the Muscogee were not 100% “the good guys.” They were not all sunshine and innocent butterflies. There were wars. The Red Stick war erupted ithe early 1800s and thousands of natives killed each other, due to unrest created by the destruction of their social systems. I am not saying that native people are perfect. I am saying that anyone can be the good guy or the bad guy. No one who is killing someone to take their land is a “good guy.” There is no “good guy with a gun”. As soon as you shoot a gun, you are a “bad guy” to somebody; blood is on your hands, even if the person you killed had done wrong. Any person can be described as a “good guy” or a “bad guy,” depending on circumstance, and, especially, on who is telling the story and what details they choose to include or leave out.
Retribution isn’t the answer. McIntosh was executed by the Creek nation for the treason of selling his people out for $200,000. The execution did no good, however, since their land was gone and their way of life was gone, So any joy anyone felt about his execution was short-lived and empty.
Facing the ambiguity and complexity of the past is the only hope for healing. Believing fairy tales of good cowboys killing bad indians, or fairy tales of 100% innocent Indians , is not helpful. The only thing that can cause healing is the truth. The dam that hides the truth must break, and white americans must face the fact that white americans are not “the good guys”. We are not the bad guys either, as some believe. Brown americans are also not the good guys or the bad guys. Any human of any color or socioeconomic group is capable of good or evil. Growing up is about facing the complexity of truth, and your personal responsibility to act as ethically as you can in each situation. This is much more painful, difficult, and complex than sticking to simple comforting stories about your group being the good guys no matter what.
The healing. How does the healing happen? In Frozen 2, a bit too quickly and easily to seem real, since Elsa was able to save Arendelle from devastating flood. In real life it happens more slowly and individually. In real life you have to stay in the pit awhile.
Here is the bizarre story of one of the steps in my own healing.
A few summers ago, when I was grappling with all this stuff for the first time, I was like Elsa in the dark pit, truly facing the evil for the first time and feeling it freeze my heart. I felt that I simply could not deal with the evil that was the truth; I felt like an old, sick dog that wanted nothing more than to go off alone so it could die somewhere without troubling anyone. Depression is no joke, as many of you know since you have experienced it too. You feel that you can never imagine feeling happy again, and that to pretend to be happy for everyone, as society demands, is the greatest effort of all.
I was visiting my family in Georgia, and my brother offered to take us out on the boat. It was a beautiful day, unseasonably nice for July, and we went jug fishing, and my son Wolf was having so much fun, and I actually felt happy.
Offhand, I said to Keith “hey, I’ve been reading about Burnt Village. Do you know where it is?”
Of course he knew where it was. He knows every inch of that lake. He has gone over all of it with a depthfinder, so he knows where it is deep and where it is shallow, where all the underwater structure is, how the fish move at certain temperatures, and where they go at certain times of year. It is beautiful how my brother and that lake are part of each other. The lake has become natural, no longer just a forced, man-made creation.
Change is inevitable and often beautiful, but the true contours of the past must be acknowledged, in order for us to feel the depths of gratitude, instead the shallows of taking-for-granted that we are stuck in when we don’t face what lies beneath how we got where we are.
“Oh, yeah, it’s right over there.” He turned on the outboard motor, and after 5 minutes of the scent of my childhood, 2 cycle engine oil, we were staring at a spot of water that looked to me indistinguishable from all the other water.
“It’s pretty far under there, but it’s right here in this cove.”
I breathed. How many people in LaGrange knew the exact location of Burnt Village?
“Alright, do y’all wanna swim? There is a good swimming hole nearby here.” He motored us over to a nearby bank, in a sheltered cove, where we could splash in the shallow water.
My son Wolf is a water creature, a natural swimmer. So I took great joy in watching him enjoy the water. I couldn’t remember feeling so happy.
The late afternoon light shone through the water, and I was struck by how golden it was. And then I noticed that it was not just the normal shining of light through water. This particular water was filled with tiny golden flecks. It was like swimming in liquid gold. A miracle.It felt like a gift from those who had lived and died at Burnt Village, a thank-you for acknowledging their truth. A goldrush of mica.
Mica, like pyrite it is “fools gold”. But its beauty is only foolish to the fools who believe that money is the only source of joy.
Sometimes the mythic gets a bit more literal, y’all. Water has memory.
Water has memory.
If you want to know the truth of the land you grew up on, look up the history of the water sources in your hometown.
Because water has memory.
And memory brings tears of both sadness and of gratitude.
When in the realm of too-sentient things
I hollered and flapped and broke both my wings
I wailed and screamed and beat my breast
The wind blew by
I screamed to the wind that there was too much to do
The wind agreed,
that he was busy too.
“Well, how can I rest, while I’m running this race?
I never get ahead, a slave to serotonin, confined by time and space,
You wouldn’t know! You just swirl around, as free as you please.”
And then the wind made an amused little breeze.
“Me? Where I want? HA! Don’t make me laugh.
I go where I must, loosing wheat from its chaff
Where temperatures drop
there are storms to make
where water levels rise
there are storms to slake
If only I could choose, and go where I will,
I’d spend much more time just being still.”
“How do you choose which task to do first,
which work is good and which work is cursed?”
“Sometimes I destroy. It’s not mine to choose.
I don’t control what people will lose.
Like water goes down, by gravity coerced
Circumstances hound me, extracting my force.”
I considered for a moment
how I’m kin to to wind
and asked, calmer then,
“So how do I choose the tasks that I should
with my twisty mind spinning
How to be bad or be good
My systems at war
Over where my energy should go
Wind, tell me, how do I know?
Give me your wisdom please!”
And the wind swirled his cloak
And said “Follow me.”
So I rode on his coattails
Floating wild and free.
Through hurricanes and blizzards and wildfires we rode
Over and over, the wind destroyed.
“Why?” I asked him. “ WHY?”
Sadly he said “ I can do no other than what I do.”
I screamed and I screamed “I am jealous of you!
I hate all my choices! My mistakes are my shame!
You do your business and never get blamed!”
I sobbed and I whined of my responsibility.
The wind sighed, and let me be.
“All you can do
is keep with the flow of truth
Truth is not a soft teacher. She never shields.
She shows you blood as well as green fields.
You have to see the beautiful in the brutal
Or else you will never be at rest.
The wind blows the way it knows
The humans act as they learned best.
You have to learn to accept the flow.
You can never become a shaman
until you learn to stop blaming.
I am 44 and have had my diagnosis for three years. For most of my life I thought I was just nothing but a mess. Now that I know more about ADD and ADHD, I have other ideas.
I have been teaching for 20 years. In that time I have gotten to know many, many kids and adults with ADHD or ADD.
I love them all.
Everyone’s brain is wired differently. The term ADHD is used as a catch-all for many different behaviors, the most common being “inability to focus on the thing you are supposed to be focusing on at the time you are supposed to focus on it”.
It isn’t a disease. It’s a neurological difference that causes us to be maladapted to the culture we live in.
But the culture we live in is maladaptive to continuing healthy life on earth.
We are part of the solution, not part of the problem.
ADD life for me goes something like this:
“I don’t know which cereal to buy, because this one is organic, but this one is locally sourced but not organic. Will my kid eat the organic one or does it taste weird? I need to stay in my budget, so I guess I need to choose the GMO Monsanto cereal because it is so much cheaper. But it has so much sugar!. But the Monsanto one also has palm oil which is burning the Amazon rain forest. And now my kid is singing loudly trying to get my attention, and there are people behind me as I am blocking the cereal aisle agggh”
Every decision, all the time.
These are not problems that humans should have. The multitude of choices, many of them laden with ethical implications, is dizzying. First world problems, right? Now add “guilt” to the pile of things making the decisions harder. Human executive function isn’t meant to have to deal with this many variables.
Here is what I know about people with ADD. They think” too much” or they feel “too much”. It isn’t really too much, y’all, it’s just more than the normals. I am either zoomed all the way out, thinking of every single ethical implication of my cereal, or zoomed in, focused on nothing in the world but my kid singing, while other people around me get angrier and angrier about my failure to just pay the right amount of attention to what I am doing and get out of the way, even though the chemical insecticides are ruining farmland and the rain forest is burning and ouch my budget and the psychological well being and physical health of my child all are hanging on my head and they just don’t seem to care.
Do all these angry people really know what the right thing to do is all the time? HOW THE HELL DO THEY KNOW???
The answer is, they don’t. Most people who demonstrate lack of patience (who aren’t triggered by some larger life circumstance) suffer from the illusion that their narrow illusion is the true reality, and that life would be easy if everyone would either get in their narrow reality with them, or just disappear from earth. They don’t see the millions of other factors that we see.
This illusion is not their fault. It is the way that they perceive reality. It is how they stay sane in a culture of fakeness. It is how they continue to function.
The normals do not see, as we do, that actual reality is a huge luminous whole that humans, with our tiny faulty senses, understand like 1% of. That every person walks around filled with notions of truth that are in fact just oversimplifications that we unconsciously cobble together to keep ourselves from losing our minds.
Human minds simply cannot grasp the complexity of a single human being with its billions of cells, nerves, and mitochondria, much less the complexity of a whole classroom, town, or country; so people develop oversimplified beliefs. Those with ADD have problems with the zoom function; how exactly do I do this oversimplifying? Do I examine things on a microscope level or a telescope level? I wanna do both at the same time.
The only way I proceed forward is to not only strive to correct my negative thought patterns, but to consciously cultivate new, positive, SIMPLE thought patterns to live into. This has helped my thoughts and my actions to become clearer, and helped me to prune away information that isn’t needed at that moment.
The ADHD/ ADD students I have taught are often the most empathetic, bright, and creative kids. Their misbehaviors are caused by stress, not malice or deception. They are often bullied and misunderstood. They have a difficult time understanding why they are supposed to pay attention to the tiny meaningless details and ignore the big interesting picture. They need to do and be, and the structure of school squashes their spirit with all its sitting down and shutting up. It is time to see these kids as the beautiful gifts they are, instead of as a drag on class business as usual. As a teacher I work hard to provide opportunity for all the neurotypes in my classroom, and I wish all teachers had the resources and circumstances to do the same.
Nonneurotypical kids such as those with ADD or Autism add so much insight to the experience of those who never looked at life a different way. I have an autistic kid in my middle school class who, when asked who his favorite person was, without a trace of embarrassment or hesitation, said “my mom.”
The other kids looked around, expecting the usual barrage of ridicule for such unusual middle school behavior, but none came. The kids learned “hey wait, it is ok to still love your family even though people ridicule it.”
BLESS THE NONNEUROTYPICALS!!
Our parent who art everywhere
Hallowed be thy name
Thy love-order come, thy will be done
On earth as it is in heaven
Give us this day our basic needs
and forgive us our mistakes
As we forgive those who make mistakes against us
Lead us not into selfish delusions
But deliver us from choosing evil
For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory
As a language teacher, I know about communicating. I also know how often people think they have communicated, but they really haven’t.
I love to play the game of Telephone with my students. We start a whispered sentence in German, and by the time it gets all the way around the circle, it is usually completely garbled and hilarious. Or we play a similar game, except with sketches that get passed around. It shows them how fragile communication really is.
“Purple monkey dishwasher” is my husband’s name for the phenomenon in which you explain something to your students, they nod and look like they understood, but then when it is time to take the test or write the essay, the words that they regurgitate back about the topic looks very little like what you said. Is it because they are stupid? No. Is it because I’m a terrible teacher? No.
Its just that communication didn’t really happen.
I have an inner ear disorder and have suffered with hearing loss for decades. I finally gathered the courage (and the funds) to go to Sam’s Club to be tested and possibly get a hearing aid.
Y’all, it was terrifying. The testing lady was awesome. There was the normal set of soft beeps and hand raising. cool, cool.
Then there was a Word Part.
The Awesome Testing Lady said; “the recording will say 25 words with a pause after each, and just repeat each word as you hear it. Let’s start with your bad ear.”
“fish. pile. turn. duck. twin. sit. donkey. nine…” “Hey, self” I thought triumphantly to myself, “this is EASY! Maybe my hearing isn’t as bad as I thought it was!”
Then, Awesome Testing Lady smiled lovingly at me, and said “Now let’s try the same words with your good ear.”
“fill. mile. dirt. muck. swim. hit. donkey. mine…:
My brain got hold of some of the sounds, AND JUST RANDOMLY AND CONFIDENTLY MADE SOME CRAP UP!!!
At least I got the donkey right.
I began to think about the deeper implications of this.
Our main unconscious desire is to maintain calm and some sort of handling of the current situation. Stasis.
SO MY DEAR, TRUSTED, BELOVED BRAIN, WHEN FACED WITH INCOMPLETE INFORMATION, WILL MAKE RANDOMLY MAKE CRAP UP WITHOUT LETTING ME KNOW IT WAS A COMPLETE GUESS!!!
I remarked on this to the Awesome Testing Lady, who had seen the phenomenon many times before, and remarked that it is sort of like the missing sounds are potholes in a road. With mild hearing loss, your brain uses context to sort of pave over the potholes so the road of understanding is drivable. As hearing further degrades, or if there is no context, the brain has a much harder time filling the potholes, and understanding becomes much bumpier.
And then, y’all, it happened again.
The other day I went to have my eyes checked. (Yes, I am old and falling apart, hush , my son already told me)
The paper eyechart was super-easy; nice big clear letters, no strain, and my brain was comfy and secure and happy.
Then the Eye Testing Lady busted out the electronics.
I had my face in this torture-device thing, and I was trying to read impossibly tiny digital letters.
I knew they were letters from the same alphabet that I had known since I learned the damn song when I was three.
Eyecharts are always letters.
But. My brain insisted that it was seeing all kinds of other things; numbers, Greek letters, Roman Numerals and even freaking Norse Runes.
My eyes couldn’t give my brain enough information to see the microscopic letters.
So my brain was giving its best shot at making some sort of meaning from what little it could see.
So what do I take away from this? That I can’t trust my senses at all? That I’m living in a constant state of unreality?
No. I can’t live like that.
But what I did learn was some humility. Maybe what I think I know for sure is really just a case of incomplete information, and my brain is paving over a lot of potholes to keep me from losing the road.
How many of my students are dealing with these sorts of sensory information gaps? How many of my students are also dealing with context gaps, so their brain doesn’t even have many guesses to make? How many adults are dealing with similar pothole-filled roads in their minds?
Bottom line is, I can’t assume that something I said or wrote was understood perfectly by those who heard or read me. Also I can’t assume that my understanding of someone else is really what they meant to say or write.
And since I personally cannot proceed through life with hopelessness, the only course of action in my teaching and in my life must be patience. To speak more slowly, listen more carefully, check for comprehension, rephrase, politely ask them to restate it in their own words, etc.
Communication is connection, and we must make meaning together, because if we don’t, our minds are often just making up their own version of what the other person meant.
She’s not homeless today.
She has a one-room place and a landlord who notices if she uses more water.
She’s on her usual corner
Encouraging her cornermates with kind words
chiding them lovingly about not doing their part to pick up their trash.
Today is a few weeks after the cop ticketed her
For “aggressive panhandling” as she leaned on her walker at the corner
and told her she should just go and die.
Today her place seems big and empty and hers
It’s months since she opened her home to her corner-mates
Four women and a cat in one room
Months since they angrily moved out
When she asked them to stop stealing from her
Today her place seems big and empty and hers
Because she has almost finished giving away her beloved’s things to church
A year since he passed
A year and a month since they told him he had to be hooked to machines to live
A year and a month since he said unhook me
Many years inside the month she spent watching him die
Wondering how she would pay for his body to leave this world
A year since she found a lab that would take his body for science
Today is a few years after she fractured her spine
But said “nah, I can’t afford treatment” for three weeks
A few years since the day she woke up and her legs didn’t work
And she landed in the hospital with a spine made of steel
and medical bills bigger than life
Today this woman of steel
Talks to me, a random summering teacher, at the coffeeshop,
About what souls are
full of resilence and tenderheartedness
Today is years after she made beautiful pottery in Kimmswick
But never could get the red pottery to come out right
Because red glaze is expensive
And takes a perfect amount of heating and cooling
To not crack
My son loves math. I’m gonna straight up brag, not even humblebrag. He’s gifted in math, way above grade level. Super bright.
3rd grade standardized math tests were yesterday.
He didn’t finish the test.
He got caught up perfectionizing on one problem he couldn’t figure out the answer to. He felt so stressed that he shut down and gave up.
If my son, who loves math and is gifted in math, and who is a privileged white boy, bombed this test, imagine how many other kids are not showing their true potential, for a myriad of different reasons.
Brains are not standardized. Teaching cannot be standardized, humans cannot be standardized. Why do we think that standardized tests are a good measurement of much of anything other than :
A. being privileged (like my gifted little white boy)
B. being able to take tests well
So my privileged gifted white boy bombed.
That tells me that it’s mostly about being able to take tests well.
Life is not a sprint. It is not a series of stressful tasks to be white-knuckled through. It is a marathon, where we have to learn to find joy and hope in our daily grind, whatever that may be.
Learning should be taking place every day, as a natural part of curious human life. Testing happens randomly; you don’t know when life is gonna throw you a curveball. It isn’t something you can cram for. We need to be cultivating resilience instead of creating fake stressful events to teach our kids how to be stressed.
I have so many bright students who get good grades and get caught up in the competition game. Many kids by 8th grade end up not caring about what they are learning, just whether they got a 100 instead of a 99. Or that they did better than whoever they are competing against. Of course competition is not bad in and of itself, but if it becomes the primary goal, rather than actually changing one’s mind and engaging with problem solving, then the primary skills learned are:
A. Competition; they get their brains stimulated by beating others, not by cooperating to solve real-world problems
B. The mindset of white- knuckling it through life. Jumping hoops to get to rewards; the next sugary snack, the next drink, the next day off, the next like on facebook, the next video game, or quick wealth and early retirement. Testing culture teaches kids how to be stressed and seek escape. We need to be teaching them that difficult things like living, learning, and relationships are their own rewards, to be lived FOR, not to be white-knuckled through or escaped.
The question should not be “what are we teaching?”.
It should be “What are kids actually learning about how to live?”
When I was about 10 years old, a well-dressed white lady walked into my dad’s corpse-scented taxidermy shop reverently holding the body of a hummingbird that had smashed itself into her picture window.
“How much will it cost me to have it preserved? Poor little beautiful creature!” she said.
“Hmm….” said my father, looking at her sympathetically. “I’m not sure about the materials… what do you think you would be able to afford?”
“Well, no more than three hundred.” said the woman thoughtfully.
My father reached for the tiny bird and gazed at it carefully. “I think I should be able to keep it under $300. Come pick it up in two weeks.”
The woman left the shop happy.
It took my father a few hours and $10 worth of materials to taxiderm the beautiful little bird exactly as she wanted it.
When she came to pick it up, she was overjoyed with its beauty and his talent, and happily paid $299. He had worked hard to keep it under $300. Me and my brothers laughed about this for years.
Now you might be thinking my father was a scam artist. Well, I guess he kind of was, but he was still an artist. It was because he understood the way people work. He knew how easily the rules changed. He knew that the correct price=what the person is willing to pay. Different social groups have VERY different ideas about what is valuable and what is not, and there is no fixed, inherent worth in any purchasable object. Value, whether emotional or monetary, or both tangled together, is all extremely subjective. I learned this very young.
The shop had 3 rooms; the taxidermy shop, the bait shop, and the gas station. My job was to run the register for the gas station. I sold lots of beer, soda, candy, chips, and cigarettes. Many folks could only afford a few dollars worth of gas at a time because they had to budget for cigarettes too. People often scrounged up coins from under their car seats. So many folks living paycheck to paycheck, living on cigarettes. Regardless of how they got there, this was their undisputable reality.
One day a desperate-looking white man came in to the bait shop with a gun to sell. He had an unexpected bill to pay. My dad bought the gun. It wasn’t like he needed another gun; there were already dozens, and he only needed one or two to hunt with. This happened over and over, with many different desperate men, and the guns piled up. Each time, the desperate man was able to pay that bill and didn’t have to tell his wife they were overdrawn. Daddy bought him a month’s worth of dignity. Sometimes, months or years later, someone would come in wanting to buy that type of gun, willing to pay a pretty penny, and my dad happened to have that exact weapon on hand. Selling at a fair price. The price being whatever the buyer was willing and able to pay.
One day an old black man came in from cotton mill, his white fuzzy hair resembling the cotton fuzz covering his uniform. He came to buy worms so he could go fishing. But when it came time to get out his wallet, he realized it was empty; he didn’t have any money because it was the end of the month, could he have credit? My father gave him the worms, and had the man sign as he carefully recorded his debt on a yellowing receipt book. Daddy did this over and over. People working shit jobs that didn’t cover the bills, folks out of work, alcoholics who already spent their check, folks whose disability check didn’t quite last til the end of the month, people who heard that The Picnic Basket gave credit so they came to exploit it, people who wanted to take their mama fishing for mother’s day but they were waiting on their paycheck.
Some people paid their debts faithfully. Some forgot. Some died without paying. Some never intended on paying. Daddy knew that’s how would go down. He never said this, but I think he didn’t really care about the couple bucks, and he went through the rigamarole of the “official records” for their benefit more than his. He knew they had their worms and their dignity and their chance to do the one thing that relaxed them from their shitty jobs. To do something they loved with their tiny scraps of free time. Fishing was practical enough to not feel prohibitively frivolous, yet it could be done out of sheer love.
I learned early that if two people have always been in different socioeconomic classes, they do not understand how things are valued differently in other classes. The man covered with fuzz from cotton mill would find the $299 hummingbird utterly ridiculous. The hummingbird woman, as charming and sensitive and animal-loving as she could afford to be, would likely find the cotton-mill man’s inability to manage his finances enough to pay for worms disgusting and pathetic, and would likely go on a tirade about how my dad shouldn’t give charity because people need to learn to work for what they got. Even though this man likely worked way harder than she ever had and had expenses she could not imagine.
My dad knew about not having money. When he was 10 or so, his parents were able to to move from the grinding poverty of sharecropping to working the night shift at the cotton mill. They were then able to afford cigarettes, so they took up smoking like most other mill workers did, to get through the shifts. He noted how expensive these were, and calculated much he could save if he didn’t buy them , and vowed to never smoke.
He started work at Kroger when he was 14 years old, and worked his way up to manager. He worked there for 25 years and saved enough money to buy the store when I was 9. (my mom was really good at being frugal too), giving my two brothers jobs that could support their families. My father was an actual example of the fabled Bootstrap Man. He made something out of whatever he had. He seemed extraverted, a great businessman, but what he really loved was to be quiet in the woods or on the lake. In his early 50s he and my brothers had saved enough money from the store to buy a nice chunk of land, with a lake, and houses for all three households.
He died less than two years later, y’all.
Daddy taught me about value. Value is incredibly variable. If something is scarce, it becomes more valued. Once people have something, they tend value it less. This made sense, back when we were in the wild, foraging for things delicious and useful. But with the advent of money, delicious and useful are only two of the factors; then came in paying for status symbols, paying to flee punishment, paying for beauty, paying to attract love or attention, paying for excitement, and, in my dad’s case, paying for peace and escape. Value is in the eye of the valuer. Gratitude for what one already has may be the most elusive valuable thing of all.
My father knew all about money and value, but he was not a material-loving guy. My dad didn’t seem to want anything, except to take care of his family, and to get out in nature sometimes. When my father died, he left hardly any personal belongings beyond a few clothes, a few guns, and his truck, which smelled like tobacco spit and dried-up worms. And a purple fluorite tetrahedron and a buckeye he carried in his pocket, along with his daily black-labeled chapstick and Afrin nose spray. I took the buckeye and the fluorite and I treasure them. Where did these items come from? Why did he value them so? I will never know. My father was not a talker, least of all about emotions. All I can do is value these objects because he did, and remember the wordless things he taught me.
Ever wonder why people often stop making sense when they are arguing?
It’s because of the fight-or-flight response system. Our bodies perceive a threat to our beliefs the same as it perceives a physical threat, such as a hungry tiger. Once our bodies perceive threat, then control of the body is taken over by the limbic system.
The limbic system has to simplify. It has to shut down all non-necessary processes, like digestion, logical thinking, empathy, etc in order to pour all the energy into fighting or flighting. The brain uses up TONS of energy. So the limbic system has to disable most functions of the brain in order to deal with the threat. None of this is conscious.
So if you are in fight/flight mode, the part of your brain responsible for logic is being deprived of energy needed to function. In a heated argument, words basically become just rocks to throw.
Research on trauma has shown that humans actually have two more options when threatened, including freeze and fawn. We hear more about the active options of fight and flight than we do about the passive options of freeze and fawn. Humans have all four options available to their limbic system, but an individual’s genetic makeup seems to cause a person to default to one option more often than to the others.
“Freeze” is pretty obvious to explain. Instead of taking action, or running, the person’s instinct is to hide or play dead like a possum. This tends to be my personal default limbic reaction; if I am upset, I am paralyzed by choice and I fail to act. The irritating thing about me is that this in turn forces those around me to act instead, since I am frozen. This is the hardest thing for me to conquer in the classroom. Due to my damaged hearing and prioperception due to my inner ear disorder, I am easily triggered by sound and sudden movement in class: I become confused, frozen, increasingly unable to think straight, as the blood in my brain leaves my prefrontal cortex. It is hard for me to “have eyes in the back of my head” and deal out swift, humane consequences. I tend to freeze up and ignore too many behaviors. I must practice lots of prayer and mindfulness to help me be more resilient, to keep myself from getting triggered in class, thus becoming way less effective as a teacher.
“Fawn” is when you give your personal strength and loyalty to someone stronger in hopes of gaining protection. When you have a caring, responsible leader, it is a very useful response. But when you have bullies or tyrants, “fawn” is the fuel for Stockholm Syndrome. When threatened physically or emotionally, a “fawner” tries to gain safety by sucking up to the source of threat in hopes of being spared physical, social, emotional pain. Make no mistake; emotional pain is just as real as physical pain; they have lots of scans that show that it causes our brains to react way as they do when in physical pain. For thousands of years, being ejected from the social group and thus its protection often has meant literal death.
So “fawn” is useful when forming healthy groups, if led by someone humane and mature. But “fawn” is also the fuel of tribalism based in fear and a twisted sense of belonging. In order to please whatever they believe to be in power (whether it is an attractive person or an Ideology or a mangled vision of God) the fawners will try show their loyalty by throwing others under the bus. Middle school cliques often aren’t life or death, but it really does feel like it to their brains. Fawners give up their personal power and sense of integrity in hopes of being accepted by the group and gaining safety. The insecure power-mongers then feed on the adoration and energy of the toadies and demand more adoration, often making up juicy details about The Ideology or telling lies about others to keep their followers hanging on. The “fawn” response to emotional insecurity is the fuel of many a mean-girl clique.
A triggered student may feel like the teacher is the enemy. Or, the student may see the teacher as benign, but feel compelled to act out in class or be rude to the teacher to earn the approval of the kids in power. There are so many social dynamics at work that an insecure kid feels buffeted.
I think that the emotional trauma suffered in school can follow people throughout their lives, causing some to remain unhealthily stuck in adolescent-like patterns. I think that “fawn” is often responsible for fearful people joining unhealthy groups in hopes of gaining protection. The holocaust could not have happened without “fawn.” Some people have more resilience skills than others, spend less time in fight/flight/freeze/fawn, and can more easily find mutually beneficial groups, rather than cliques that feed on the limbic-fueled energy exchange between bullies and fawners that results in battles of inclusion and exclusion. I want to help kids feel emotionally safer, so they are not getting triggered so often. Daily I struggle with the question “how do I as a teacher do a better job of helping kids develop resilience skills?”
Children naturally compete for resources like food and attention. They are programmed by nature to do so.
If they have enough and they feel safe and loved, many children naturally and good-naturedly share what they have with others.
Children are naturally openly curious about those different from them, and may look shocked and surprised or ask embarrassing questions.
Children often do not naturally make judgments about whether a person is more or less valuable than themselves. This is learned behavior.
Human beings have many natural tendencies and learned behaviors that can be nurtured or squashed.
SO WHY DO SO MANY TEACHERS SQUASH COOPERATION AND NURTURE COMPETITION IN SCHOOLS??
It often happens accidentally. We have 30 kids who all want attention, so they compete for it. Whether positive, negative, praise, pity, from teacher, from peers, most kids want attention. Of course they do. This is how humans learn and thrive and survive. You try to give equal amounts of attention, but some demand more, thus leaving less teacher energy for the rest.
Logistics are also a factor. If you have 30 kids in a class you have to come up with organized, standardized routines, just to operationalize the day. A factorylike jaillike setting which puts kids only with kids of their own exact age group, a setting that rewards sitting-down-and-shutting-up skills above all others is not healthy for cultivating an appreciation of differences.
Also, classist ideas about education being the ticket to a “good job” causes all kinds of stress.
My heart breaks every time I hear a teacher say “you’d better study, or you’ll end up flipping burgers.”
What’s wrong with flipping burgers? I mean, obviously most folks want a better paying job. But what if that kid’s parent works at McDonalds? Cooking food is good honest work. Why shame it? Why not say “hey, let’s learn this so you can keep growing your brain!” or something, anything to motivate them other than fear or shame.
Not everyone can be a doctor or a lawyer. Any civilization needs people to pick food, remove trash, wipe butts at the nursing homes and daycares, and all kinds of other dirty jobs. Why do we shame and scorn the people who do the hardest, dirtiest work, instead of being grateful?
It breaks my heart to hear 2nd graders talking about “good kids” and “bad kids”. It’s already clearly known by then which kids are “bad.” “Bad” often just means the kid has a hard time sitting still and shutting up. But from the time that kid is little, everyone around him is treating him like he is bad. So as he grows up, he either learns to conform better, or he grows into his “badness” and becomes even more wary of adults. Even adults who have excellent intentions, if they make him feel awful about himself, they feel like the enemy.
Many students with good grades are good at learning. Many other students with good grades are actually not learning much except how to jump the hoops and game the system.
Many students who seem respectful in front of teacher are actually respectful. Many others are just good at bullying others when teacher isn’t looking, showing their status by stepping on the necks of weaker kids, while pretending to be respectful when teacher is looking. They wait for policing, and the second policing lets up, they are active. These students love to try to get other kids in trouble, and they relish watching adults get mad, and they relish seeing other kids get punished. The level of sneakiness is astounding. Instead of learning respect, they are learning how to justify bullying and how to cover up their injustices.
Due to all these factors, it is a lot harder to foster cooperation in a class than competition.
Competition is more exciting. Especially for the kids who spend much of their free time addictedly competing on video games and social media.
Teachers need training in how to be a leader who teaches students to value difference and work together, as an alternative to constantly competing against each other.
Do I believe that all competition is bad?
NO! Of course not! Kids need to press their abilities against others.
We just shouldn’t value competition so highly that it causes us to justify or even encourage feelings of superiority.
Some countries don’t even try to teach reading in the first few years of school; they just teach kids how to treat each other, and how to exist peacefully and cooperatively in a group.
How different would it be in the US if we valued human lives more than we value competition and “progress”? What if more people actually valued hard work more than gaming the system to get ahead of someone?
I hate small talk.
Not all small talk. Just the small talk that’s mostly about ego competition, one-upping each other, attempting to cling to tribal groups and figure out who to exclude. I find it meaningless and exhausting.
But who am I to decide what is meaningful and meaningless?
Many things that I find meaningful are completely useless to many other people. Why does my opinion matter than someone else’s?
So if personally value only things I currently deem to be “deep and meaningful, ” and thus devalue watercooler gossip and other stuff normal people do, then that officially makes me an a**hole, going around thinking I am better than people. Being judgy, like I don’t want to be.
I try to remind myself that value, in terms of ideas or communication, doesn’t work like money. It doesn’t run out. I can just keep valuing some interactions more without devaluing others. Can’t I?
I can respect people’s choices without wanting to make them myself. We can all find joy in different things without judging each other, right?
But then I SHOULD pass judgment on people’s behavior that is hurting others. I am a creature who is very sensitive to volume and tone. How do I tell when people trading insults in a humorous tone are actually having fun, or if they are just having a crass power battle couched in jocularity? How do I know that their register isn’t just different from mine? Do I wait til they start hitting each other?
Do I try to isolate myself from folks who interact primarily by judging and ridiculing, trying to slot people in their proper power order?
Do I just lighten up?
As a teacher, how much am I supposed to intervene? When kids are trading annoying but innocuous barbs, jockeying like little alpha and beta dogs, when does “let them work it out themselves” end and my responsibility to squash their interaction begin?
I love teaching. I love kids. But I hate spending most of my waking hours telling people constantly what they cannot do. I want to help them develop some sort of inner voice that they can trust. But they can’t get there until they are in a place where they aren’t constantly defending their social position.
Some kids are are so used to their behavior being restricted that they don’t want to do what they are told, even if it benefits them. Even though they simultaneously (subconsciously) crave direction and normalcy.
The social scene for many kids involves trying to get others in trouble, for amusement purposes. They love to see the adults get mad; it’s funny. And it is also funny to throw their enemies and frenemies under the bus. It’s like prey escaping from predators.
I have students who spend much of their time reenacting their traumas, interacting in the only ways they know how. Kids who will hug you one minute and cuss you out the next, with no warning.
I don’t know how to navigate all this. I shut down and it takes all the energy I have to keep from bursting into tears at my ineffectiveness.
Me and my ADD brain have always had a hard time deciding which details were relevant and which ones weren’t. I lack pruning skills. I carry all this irrelevant information I might need some day, like I carry 10 books in my backpack at once, in case I need one and I don’t know which one. Other people can tell which information is socially relevant.
Choosing is so hard.
I hate choosing. I hate judging.
Why can’t I hold it all in my head and value it all the same, through the golden light of love? Why can’t I somehow know what to do in a situation with 500 variables, only 300 of which I can see?
Why can’t I stop overanalyzing small talk?
Friday, 8. March, 2019
As I was trying to leave to go to work today, my nose began to gush blood.
I stood in the kitchen with a roll of paper towels, watching my life force drip into the sink.
I stared at the erythrocytes bright red with oxygenation.
I wondered about my white blood cells. Were they thrashing around trying to find some enemy to defeat, still living and moving in the red gush? How long until they realized they were no longer part of the organism and gave up?
Were my platelets trying to coagulate, even though there was no reason to do so?
How long does my blood live without me?
I tasted the metal in my throat, looked at the red gathering in all the creases of my hands, frozen by the thought that I am composed of billions of molecules working together somehow.
Blood is a beautiful color.
Spiegel, blutrot (Blood Red Mirror ) by Gerhard Richter
Today’s journal prompt was about the ways in which we are smarter than animals, and the ways in which they are smarter than us.
Here are some results from my 7th and 8th graders:
WAYS HUMANS ARE SMARTER:
WAYS ANIMALS ARE SMARTER:
“Animals don’t judge each other.”
“My dog knows what I’m saying when I ask him to take a walk. But I don’t know what he is saying when he is barking. Maybe we just don’t understand their language.”
“One thing that is better about animals than humans is disagreements; humans fight and get mad at random pointless stuff and come up with stupid things like racism and sexism, animals don’t.”
Out of the mouths of my awkward angels.
Now, my husband and I are both on this diet for different health reasons. Limiting refined sugar, salt, wheat, dairy and egg.
I’ve been working with my dietary restrictions for a long time, so I have gotten pretty good at making food taste good within my limitations.
But this is my best yet. I have outdone myself.
So if you have dietary restrictions, here is my approximation of my Gran’s blueberry dessert.
HEALTHY BLUEBERRY GOO THAT IS ACTUALLY GOOD.
1 pint or more of blueberries
some honey or maple syrup to taste, about 6 tbsp
a cup of cashews
can of coconut milk
3 tbsp coconut oil
some pecans (however many you want)
1/2 cup oats
1/2 cup almond flour
a quarter cup of boiling water
zest and juice of 2 limes lemons
cardamom or vanilla to taste
IT’S SO GOOD Y’ALL! Thanks Gran. Grateful to be able to eat yummies without it making me sick.
I teach middle school, y’all. These kids are full of energy and potential action; they need to be actively taught how to deal with life’s travails, not taught to avoid all discussion of the Big Issues like religion and politics, as my generation was. The way to do this is NOT to show them footage of horrifying things and shame them for not caring enough. (I learned this the hard way). It is to give them ways to engage with tough information, then show them ways to direct their frustrations and energies in constructive rather than chaotic ways.
Karneval/Fastnacht in Germany is like Mardi Gras in New Orleans, with some differences. Each year I show the kids highly amusing and disrespectful parade floats that question the justice of certain political actions. ( I left out the really inappropriate ones. ) We talked about roasts, and the political function of having one day when people even as rule-bound as the Germans could say what they wanted, even if it was pretty disrespectful to authority figures, in the spirit of good fun, and honest artistic expression. ( and not get in trouble.) If you are interested in these floats, google “Rosenmontag Mottowagen” and you’ll see pictures of them. Some are crass, some are depressing, some are twisted, some are hilarious, and some are all four. Yay German dark humor!
For our celebration on Friday (late, I know, but I don’t want to party on Tuesday and try to go back to normal the rest of the week!) students will present a piece of art , poem, song, or slideshow that illustrate either something they learned about Karneval, or some injustice they wanted to protest against. Obviously, this is a fine line to walk! I make it very clear that it must be protesting or highlighting a specific event or action, NOT randomly caricaturing a politician or person you don’t like.
Last year, a bright, attentive, respectful, cooperative student asked if she could stage a protest against daily reading time. (15 minutes of silent reading time per day) I told her of course, it was freedom of speech, and so she prepared an excellent little miniature float, mounted on a remote-controlled car, protesting Daily Reading Time. As a result, I negotiated with her class, and we got reading time down to 10 minutes a day 🙂
In case you don’t know, the girl in the Mottowagen pictured is Greta Thunberg, the swedish teenager who has become a spokesperson for the youth environmental movement in Sweden, Germany, England, and other parts of Europe. She is a big deal. I like to teach my students about how kids are taking leadership roles.
from facebook, February 15, 2017
After decades of struggle with depression, I have spent the past year coming into a sense of personal peace. I felt for many years that I was standing on a tiny, shrinking island of safety in a boiling tar pit of nothingness. I was unconsciously holding onto my privileged, unrealistic delusions from childhood, and the cognitive dissonance was destroying me. I was trying to escape from everything and everyone, thinking that if I could just stop the stressors, I could be safe from the Nothing. One beautiful day last spring I took a long lunch and went to the botanical garden, thinking “Escape! I am free! Just me and nature. I can have an hour of peace!” But the peace did not come. I realized then that the Nothing was inside me, not outside, and that the only thing to do was hold my breath and step into the tar pit.
Once I stepped off my island I began to understand that it was never an island at all, but a small, cramped, dirty dome of denial, and the tar pit was really an endless sunlit landscape. Stepping into the fear, facing all that reality, was an excruciating process, but it allowed me to see all the heartbreakingly beautiful things as well, all that had been obscured by the Nothing. Now there is so much sunlight and dazzling complexity, and I can rejoice in all the wonders I have yet to learn, rather than fearing what knowledge may do to me.
The root of this peace is just sitting with the awareness that NOTHING is guaranteed, that feeling entitled or taking things for granted are foolish and dangerous delusions, and that the ability to truly feel gratitude is the sweetest grace we can hope for. Once the gratitude takes up residence in your heart instead of the fear, you have way less time for petty bitterness, dissatisfaction, and blame games, because you see that being on the planet at all is a blessing, and that working to help others is the rent we should all be happy to pay for living here.
The quote below by Tim Wise is the truest thing I have read today. I see now that this is why so many black folks I know were not shrieking, useless, privileged panic monkeys like I was when Trump won the election. My friends were not pleased, but they were also definitely not surprised. They see.
“It is long past the time when white men are going to have to learn something that folks of color have always known: nothing is certain and nothing can be taken for granted; life is about change and disruption. And the minute you get comfortable and sleep on the way the world works, is the minute you go under. The privilege of not having to KNOW that — and a long damned time ago — is what has so many white folks shook right now.”